Earth Layers
BibArch Home Up What's the Fuss? Ethics Human Origins The Record Three-Age System Earth Layers Publication Dating Methods



Search Site
Concepts & Theory
Levantine Fieldwork
Travel & Touring
The Levant
Biblical Chronology
Marking Time
Music and The Bible
Helps & Aids
Words & Phrases
Photo Gallery
Useful Links
Works Cited
Article Submissions

High Top Media

All Rights Reserved.

Legal Notices

Official PayPal Seal


BibArch Home Up

HTM0045W.gif (59318 bytes)
Above the archaeological field at Lachish illustrating balks and grid squares. A BIBARCH™ Photo.

The Wheeler–Kenyon Method (earth layers analysis) of excavation emphasizes the vertical dimension through analysis of earth layers, or strata, and their contents. Vertical control comes from the use of the balks separating grid squares. Horizontal control comes from keeping the working surface of the  square level for any given locus and proper three-dimensional recording.

The Wheeler–Kenyon method bares the name of the two archaeologists credited for developing it—Mortimer Wheeler and Kathleen Kenyon. The Albright–Wright Method (architectural approach) of excavation stresses the wide-scale exposure of complete architectural units.

HTM0052W.gif (54853 bytes)

Three dimensional recording requires constant surveying. A BIBARCH™ Photo from the Tel Hazor Excavations in honor of Yigael Yadin.

The prevailing Levantine approach, with a focus on interpretation, not explanation, emphasizes a combination of the earth layers analysis and the architectural approach wherein excavations proceed through earth layers analysis including the exposure of complete architectural units (through grid squares and balks.

This approach supports both processual scientific) and postprocessual (postmodern) archaeological research although the latter prevails in contemporary Levantine sites. A criticism of the approach consists of the problem that exposure of complete units does not leave the opportunity for re-excavation with improved techniques by subsequent generations.

Page last edited: 01/25/06 07:22 PM

Thank you for visiting BIBARCH
Please Visit Our Site Often