The Pilgrim of Bordeaux was an anonymous Judeo-Christian traveler from Bordeaux, France, who made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem ca. CE 333 by way of Milan and Rome and left an account of his trip. His chronicle, the oldest extant pilgrim account, provides a useful description of monuments, distances, and landmarks of that day. See Geyer.

The Bordeaux pilgrimís itinerary, known as the Itinerarium Burdigalense, contains the earliest known Christian pilgrim account of Jerusalem (Wilkinson 1977:1). Passing through Milan and Sirmium, he arrived in Constantinople from which he proceeded on to Jerusalem. The last part of the itinerary starts from Heraclea, in Hellespontus, and ends again in Milan by way of Rome.

The Bordeaux pilgrim stated that he traveled in the consulate of Dalmatius and Zenophilus departing from Chalcedonia on May 30, and returning to Constantinople on December 25, inferring that he was in Jerusalem during the months of August or September in the same consulate. His reference to traveling in the consulate of Flavius Dalmatius and Domitius Zenophilus dates the Bordeaux pilgrimís visit to Jerusalem to CE 333 (Burckhardt 1949:284; Barnes 1981:248).

The Romans named years after the consuls, officers of high rank, who served a term of one year running from January to December. Flavius Dalmatius (the half-brother of Emperor Constantine by Theodora) and Domitius Zenophilus served as joint consuls in the year CE 333 (Jones, Martindale, and Morris 1971:241, 993).


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